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How to calculate the printing cost of the printing factory?

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according to the specification of 13.5 * 23.5, it is calculated that 16 opening positive paper should be used (positive paper: 109.2 cm long and 78.7 cm wide), that is, one paper and one booklet can be used. We use 200 grams of copper and calculate according to 3000 copies, so we calculate:
1 Unit price of paper: 0.86 (fixed coefficient of positive size paper, 1.06 coefficient for other large size paper) * 2.0 (200g coated paper) * 5000 yuan /ton (for example, 5000 yuan /ton for 200g coated paper) = 0.86 yuan /piece
total price of paper: [3000 (3000 copies) * 16p (number of P per book) /16kai] * 1.1% (paper consumption is 10%) * 0.86 yuan /piece = 2838 yuan
2. Plate making fee: 100 yuan – 250 /P for 16kai, It can also be calculated according to the high amount of 15 yuan /P * 16 = 240
3. Printing fee: 3300 sheets of paper with loss /16 open /500 sheets /order = 0.42 order
0.42 * 4 colors * 30 yuan /color order + 120 yuan PS version = 170 yuan. If the startup fee is not reached, it shall be calculated according to 600 yuan
4、 Lamination: 3000 copies * 2p cover and back cover * 1.1 (10% waste of paper) /16kai * 0.5 yuan /square lamination = 206 yuan (actually 300 yuan, 0.1 yuan per copy /lamination)
5. Bronzing: about 0.06 yuan per square centimeter, please calculate by yourself.
6, 16p, only riding nails can be used, 0.01-0.05 yuan /copy, and 3000 copies generally will not exceed 100 yuan.
the total amount of 3000 copies is added according to items 1 to 6 of the above process (the design fee is not included here, nor does it include the cost of going there)

you don’t have to learn this at all. If you want to print something. Printing companies are calculated. Just find a few more printing factories to calculate!

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Answer

 pre printing Accounting: the process flow from completing film and proofing is calculated per P, and the unit of design, film production, proofing, printing and composition is generally A4 (210) × 285mm) is the pricing standard. If there is folding, it shall be calculated according to the actual size. Film is a necessity of printing machine (gravure printing machine), and printing proofing is the most basic basis for collar machine to check color

 printing standard accounting: the key link in the completion of printing is printing, and the pricing standard is color order, that is, for each color of each order of paper, generally 5 orders are printed on the opposite side, and less than 5 orders are calculated as 5 orders. If there is spot color, such as Pantone ink for enterprise special pattern printing, gold printing, silver printing, etc. Please be sure to indicate, then it will be increased from 4 colors to 5 colors and 6 colors, so that the total price is accurate

 accounting at the later stage of printing: usually the processing work after printing. Be sure to indicate: binding (riding nail or glue nail), folding (several folds); Whether there is lamination or UV in the post press process, and the areas of die cutting, bronzing and bulging should also be clearly written. If there are special requirements for printing materials and packaging quantity, please also indicate. The more specific and accurate the process notes are, the more accurate the price will be

 printing cost = prepress fee (plate making fee + film fee) + printing fee (startup fee + paper fee + printing miscellaneous fee) + post press processing fee (special printing process processing fee is added)

 special printing plus special printing costs (UV, magnetism, watermark, etc.) 

 please refer to it for more support. Thank you 

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packaging quotation method
I. paper price formula: long × wide × Gram number × Ton price × impression × Opening number + 10% loss = total price of paper
among them:
1. Length and width printing industry refers to the size of a large piece of paper, which is divided into two common specifications: large size paper is usually called A3, A4 and A5 paper, that is, large 8-size paper, large 16-size paper and large 32-size paper. Positive size paper is usually called B3, B4 and B5 paper, that is, regular 8-size paper, regular 16-size paper and regular 32-size paper. This is just a full sheet of paper divided into several parts
2. Gram refers to 1m wide × 1 meter long. The weight weighed is called gram, also known as weight
3. Ton price refers to the price of one ton of paper. 1 ton (T) = 1000 kg, and 1 kg = 1000 g
4. The number of prints is also called the number of prints. It refers to the number of prints you need to print
5. Opening number is also called specification, which refers to how many copies of a large piece of paper (also called full paper)
6. Loss is also called paper replenishment. It refers to the quantity increased during the printing process, which makes the loss during the printing process. Otherwise, the delivery quantity cannot be guaranteed

II. Calculation of start-up fee
fully open offset press:
1 The new machine costs 1500 yuan to print less than 5 reams of paper (Guangzhou price)
2 In the 1990s, the printing fee of 1200 yuan for the machine was less than 5 reams of paper (Guangzhou price)
3 In the 1980s, the initial printing fee of 1000 yuan was less than 5 reams of paper (Guangzhou price)
offset press:
1 The initial printing fee of 800 yuan for the new machine is less than 3 reams of paper (Guangzhou price)
2 In the 1990s, the initial printing fee of 700 yuan for the machine was less than 3 reams of paper (Guangzhou price)
3 In the 1980s, the initial printing fee of 600 yuan was less than 3 reams of paper (Guangzhou price)
four offset press:
1 The initial printing fee of 700 yuan for the new machine is less than 1 ream of paper (Guangzhou price)
2 In the 1990s, the initial printing fee of 600 yuan for the machine was less than 1 ream of paper (Guangzhou price)
3 In the 1980s, the initial printing fee of 500 yuan was less than 1 ream of paper (Guangzhou price)
Liukai offset press:
1 The initial printing fee of 500 yuan for the new machine is less than 1 ream of paper (Guangzhou price)
2 In the 1990s, the initial printing fee of 400 yuan for the machine was less than 1 ream of paper (Guangzhou price)
3 In the 1980s, the initial printing fee of 300 yuan for printing machine was less than 1 ream of paper (Guangzhou price)
the initial printing fee for printing of various models was not fixed. It was necessary to ask how many printing manufacturers were and the principle of goods comparison

III. pricing formula by color order: print quantity ÷ opening quantity ÷ 500 sheets = order quantity × Printing price × Color number = total printing fee
where:
1. Offset press: refers to the printing of words and patterns on printed matter through rubber. The pattern words on paper are called offset printing
2. Model: refers to full power on, dual power on, four, six, eight power on, and print? 
3. Startup fee: also known as starting printing fee or starting
edition fee. It refers to the maximum cost of starting up and printing, including the cost of starting up and printing consumables? It refers to the maximum number of printing orders at one time, which depends on the situation of printing enterprises. Please call before printing to ask how many orders to start printing. It is suggested to ask more companies to reduce the price of printed products
5. Color order price: refers to the color of printed matter. Usually, the color printing pattern has four colors (blue, red, yellow and black), and the double-sided printing has eight colors
6.4 + 4 refers to printing. Adding the colors on both sides is called 4 + 4. 3 + 1 4 + 3 4 + 2…………
if the quantity is small, the start-up fee shall be used to calculate, and if the quantity is large, the printing fee shall be calculated with color order

IV. prepress design fee, production fee, film, proofing and photography
1. What is design fee: you only provide ideas and requirements for the design engineer to design, and the designer collects data. For example: photos, patterns, printing colors, methods, formats and other works that satisfy you are called design
2. What is the production fee: it refers to that you make the original sample copy into the existing sample
3. Film: also known as film and negative, it is the basic information necessary for printing
4. Proofing: also known as printing sample, sample and color sample, it is a printing template for printing enterprises, just printing according to samples
5. Photographing: when you print product samples, you need to go to the site to take product photos or photos of scenery and people, and edit and design product samples through the designer’s input into the computer
several quotation data are provided below:
1. Design fee: 16 times (called a P, also called a page), 100-250 yuan (Guangzhou)
8 times × 2, 32 open ÷ 2, that’s no more
2. Production fee: 80-200 yuan for one side (one P or one page) (Guangzhou)
3. Film fee: 5-10 yuan for one color and 20-40 yuan for one set of four colors. The price is not uniform due to the single black type or domestic film and imported film
4. Proofing: 16 opening proofing: four color proofing is 10-20 yuan, which is the most common price
5. Spot color proofing: 16 split monochrome proofing: 60-100 yuan
6. Take product photos: digital camera: 10-30 yuan per piece, positive Photography: 30-60 yuan per piece

v. post press quotation skills:
(1) Carefully observe the strength of customers and customer printing samples
(2). Carefully measure the sample specification, paper and various post printing Prepress process
(3). Calculate the cost and profit in detail with a calculator
(4). Do not quote a low price (pun means that the price of the customer is not high)
(5). Bargaining refers to the reason and basis for negotiating and bidding with customers
for example, select the paper size, whether the paper is good or bad, domestic and imported films, printing quality, delivery time, what machine is selected for printing, etc Good conditions make the other party accept your offer
(6). Demeanor: sophisticated Generous Honesty Sense of responsibility
(7) Language Harmony: be polite Be civilized Laugh before you speak Neither humble nor arrogant
proofreading and delivery skills:
(1) Proofreading makes the other party pay attention to the text Specifications, color samples Delivery time, etc. and get the customer’s approval Signature
(2). Distract customers’ attention (product deficiencies) during delivery, and end with excellent introduction, introduction of customer concerns and customer satisfaction
deposit collection and payment skills:
(1) Explain the reason for the deposit to the customer:
A. draft Proofing Investment cost
B. let the customer have sincerity
C. refuse to have deceptive words and expressions, and let the customer understand the inevitability of the deposit
(2). After the goods are accepted, the customer must sign the bill (delivery note), and then provide the customer with the collection voucher (receipt. Invoice) to enable the customer to perform the agreement or contract collection method
talk more about our difficulties and less about the other party’s fault, which makes customers feel a little unreasonable when they don’t pay
if the payment cannot be made for other reasons, ask the leader of the other party to sign the word “no payment” and indicate the next payment time
how to deal with faults and quality problems:
(1) The fault of the other party shall be settled peacefully according to the actual quantity and customer attitude, and the other party shall try to bear the paper money, printing fee and other expenses until both parties reach a consensus through negotiation
(2). Our fault can be accepted by the other party for the purpose of price reduction, gift, reprint next time and other methods
10. How to learn to make up on the computer
Law: the Print specifications do not exceed the printing specifications of the printing press, which is called the on-board specifications
for example: the size of the 8-turn-on machine is positive 27 × 975px Dadu 44 × 737.5px
4 opening the machine size positive 54 × 975px Dadu 44 × 1475px
dimension positivity of split upper machine 78 × 1350px Dadu 88 × 1475px
the panel must be put on the machine according to these sizes, which must be thought of first from its irregular size

11. What is prepress fee? What does it include

the process before starting printing is called prepress cost, and the processing program after printing is called Postpress processing cost

typing Design. make. Scan film. Sulfuric acid paper Inkjet proofing Laser proofing Electricity division Electric scoring proofing Receive the manuscript Proofreading All fares are printed

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