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What is the future of green packaging design

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packaging has the function of promoting the development of high-quality economy, but the large-scale manufacturing and use of packaging has brought considerable negative effects to the society. The packaging industry consumes a lot of resources, and waste packaging pollutes the environment. Therefore, packaging designers should have a strong awareness of environmental protection, fully consider the box structure of packaging, the application of materials and printing technology, and even the final waste treatment, so as to be reasonable, material-saving, beautiful and practical as far as possible. Therefore, it is necessary to advocate the awareness of green packaging design
the vast majority of packaging can not escape the possibility of becoming garbage after use, and packaging is indispensable in the logistics process, so how to reduce waste and make good use of garbage. This is a major issue before considering the ecological balance of globalization
according to relevant materials, the current annual volume of plastic packaging in China is more than 2 million tons, of which 30% are disposable plastic packaging that is difficult to recycle. According to other statistics, China produces about 16 million tons of waste every year, mainly plastic packaging products, with an annual waste of up to 1 million tons, mainly plastic packaging lunch boxes, cups and plates, foaming materials Plastic outer packaging of beverage bottles, all kinds of candy and food, as well as all kinds of plastic packaging bags, etc. According to experts, these white garbage will stay on the surface for a long time and will not disappear
it can be seen that packaging waste is slowly eroding our living environment. In addition to scientifically treating the domestic waste produced each time with an attitude of ownership, packaging manufacturers or relevant supervision departments that produce or use various plastic materials should be duty bound to find scientific and reasonable ways or through research and development or alternative products, Curb the environmental pollution of packaging waste
the formulation and proposal of green design and green packaging can be described as a gratifying message in this field and become the reality of civilization and the direction of future development. As early as the 1980s, Germany took the lead in launching the “green packaging” with the “Der gram Punkt” (green pattern of product packaging). In the following ten years, the sound speed of green packaging has developed all over the world. By 1993, the international organization for Standardization (ISO) officially established the “Environmental Protection Committee” to formulate green environmental protection standards, which were officially implemented all over the world in January 1996 and have been widely recognized and promoted by countries all over the world
in addition to adopting green signs, the most substantive measure is to develop packaging materials with green environmental protection and ecological performance. For example, on the familiar candy packaging, the glutinous rice paper and the corn baking packaging cup for ice cream are typical edible packaging. Such and similar materials are economical and pollution-free, which is worthy of vigorous promotion
furthermore, recyclable and recycled materials should be used as much as possible to increase the recycling of materials and save global resources. For example, the glass bottles used in our common beer, beverage, soy sauce, vinegar and other packaging are recycled materials that can be used repeatedly: renewable materials refer to polyester packaging, which can be recycled by physical and chemical methods after recycling. In Finland, the recovery rate of plastic bottles is as high as 99%. In shopping malls, people teach themselves to send waste bottles to the recycling machine, which can recover the amount. Here, the awareness of environmental protection has been concretely reproduced and implemented
degradable material is a material worthy of in-depth research and development. After use, this material will gradually decompose and reduce in the natural environment under the action of light or microorganisms in soil and water, and finally re-enter the ecological environment and return to nature in a non-toxic form. For example, a French dairy company produced a kind of lactic acid extracted from sugar beet, which is made into yogurt boxes and cups and plates. The basic raw material of this ecological box is sugar beet. After adding minerals, it becomes a light and solid material. The box (cup) made of this material can be decomposed into farm fertilizer under 55 ℃ and within 60 days. For another example, paper materials are widely used in the packaging industry. The raw material of paper is mainly natural plant fiber, which will be quickly decomposed in nature, resulting in low environmental pollution and can be recycled. In many large international companies, recyclable paper is used for the production of annual reports and publicity materials. Stationery and stationery made of recycled paper reflect their green purpose of paying attention to the environment and establish a good corporate image
to sum up, solving the problem of green packaging from the development of packaging materials is an important way and one of the factors to ensure the sustainable development of this field. In addition, the accurate and reasonable selection of materials in the process of packaging design, coupled with perfect creativity, can also play an important role in the development of green packaging
throughout our history, there are still many packages that can be used for reference in our design. For example, the packaging of rice dumplings in China is an excellent traditional packaging design. The outer coat of the packaging – rice dumpling leaves, is derived from the natural plant reed. The fragrance of rice dumpling leaves not only adds endless aftertaste to rice dumplings, but also discards them in nature after use, which is easy to decompose and disappear. As far as China’s pottery is concerned, pottery products have been widely used in life since ancient times. Pottery is made of natural sediment. It is hard and easy to hold, easy to use and return to nature. Nowadays, the good application of pottery and porcelain can still be seen everywhere in the design of Chinese wine packaging. Through the unique design of modeling, combined with the artistic treatment and ingenious collocation of tone and text, this kind of packaging still does not lose its sense of modernity, and is deeply immersed in the quality of Chinese ancient culture. It can be said that it has formed a magical coincidence with the principle of green packaging. This shows that as long as measures are taken according to local conditions, skillful craftsmen and based on local materials, it can not only save energy but also benefit the environment. In this sense, the development potential of packaging is immeasurable
in the packaging design, in addition to choosing materials that are easy to degrade and return to nature, saving materials is also one of the main contents of green packaging. If a package overemphasizes its structure, the layers of packaging paper and boxes are intended to strengthen the high-grade commodity packaging. Although the decoration technique is exquisite and the design grade is high, it is also not worth advocating due to the waste of materials. If we say that the designed packaging is ingenious and vivid. Exquisite production, enhance its collection value and create opportunities for its reuse, which is a design trend worthy of promotion
for another example, in the past, when Chinese people went shopping, they only used a hand-held basket, which was an extremely common phenomenon at that time. But now this basket has long been replaced by all kinds of plastic convenience bags. Although plastic bags are convenient to enter, they bring difficult problems. It can be seen that every time people go to the vegetable market or supermarket to buy daily ne
cessities, they might as well carry a reusable basket or shopping bag. In this way, it not only reduces the generation of garbage, but also saves energy consumption, which is also the embodiment of environmental protection awareness
countries such as Europe and the United States have redesigned discarded records into packaging containers in the shape of fruit plates, and carefully designed chairs with different functions in life with recycled packaging boxes and corrugated cardboard. It not only endows old materials with new uses and life, and makes them return to consumers, but also has a unique cultural taste. The reuse of similar materials is common in the field of packaging, especially in countries and regions with developed economy and high cultural literacy. In developing countries, we do not pay enough attention to the reuse of waste garbage, and the participation of the people is not wide enough, which is worthy of our reflection
in addition, in terms of design, we should emphasize and publicize the information of environmental protection, and reveal the atmosphere of green packaging among patterns, product names, colors and words, so as to form a mainstream of design and spread. In the design, always appreciate the harmony between design and production, the tacit understanding between production and consumption, and the harmony between life and ecology. In the design, the utilization of resources, environmental impact and solutions should be considered from the aspects of material selection, structure and function, manufacturing process, packaging mode, storage and transportation mode, product use and waste disposal. In the design process, the principle of saving should always be followed. The energy consumption should be reduced as much as possible and easy to disassemble, so that the materials and components can be reused
green packaging is not only a revolution in packaging design itself, but also a revolution in packaging materials, but also a revolution related to our human survival and development. Green packaging brings more challenges and opportunities to packaging design
with the development of the world economy, how to protect resources and environment and create a good space for survival and development is the basic strategy for the implementation of sustainable economic and global benign development. We hope that green will truly become the charming color of the 21st world, and green packaging will truly become the future of packaging design.

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